The line of the wall around the church can easily be seen,[3] as can portions of the former castle, and initial archaeological study of the site postulated that the castle built by Justinian had utilised stones from an earlier structure on the site (probably the Samaritan temple). [3], Moses instructed the Israelites, when first entering Canaan, to celebrate the event with ceremonies of blessings and cursings on Mount Gerizim and Mount Ebal respectively. Mts. [25] According to a Jewish midrash, one of these idols, in the shape of a dove, was later recovered by the Samaritans, and used in their worship on Mount Gerizim. [14] No attempts to explain this division of tribes either by their Biblical ethnology or by their geographical distribution have been generally accepted in academic circles. Mount Gerizim rises about 500 m above the ancient city of Flavia Neapolis (Nablus), some 886 m above sea level. [12], The text goes on to list twelve curses, which were to be pronounced by the Levite priesthood and answered by the people with Amen. Mount Gerizim. History: Biblical periods Mount Gerizim is a Holy hill, located on the south side of Shechem (today’s Arabic city of Nablus). The valley between them is about 1900 ft. above the sea and in this valley is the town of Shechem which is 5/8 of a mile in length. But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father seeks such as these to worship him. It apparently lay within a considerable settlement area on the mountain top, which periodic archaeological excavation in the 20th century, and currently, shows was occupied, not necessarily continuously, during the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic periods. At present, the mountain is surrounded by fertile agricultural land to the east and its northern slopes are densely forested. The mountain is sacred to the Samaritans who regard it, rather than Jerusalem's Temple Mount, as having been the location chosen by God for a holy temple. [21] According to the narrative about Jotham in the Book of Judges, Shechem was a site where there was a sanctuary of El-Berith, also known as Baal-Berith, meaning God of the covenant and Lord of the covenant, respectively;[22] scholars have suggested that the Joshua story about the site derives from a covenant made there in Canaanite times. Go to List of places in the Bible. It rises 2900 feet high. Deuteronomy 27:5; Joshua 8:30 (Deuteronomy 11:22-30; 27:1-13; Joshua 8:30-35) "'You shall make an altar of earth for Me, and you shall sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your oxen; in every place where I cause My name to be remembered, I will come to you and bless you. The ruins probably represent the Samaritan town during the Hellenistic period, destroyed by John Hyrcanus in 128 BC. The fact that Mount Gerizim is a sacred mountain still, after thousands of years, respected by the Samaritans, for religious purposes provides an assurance that, in terms of the beliefs underpinning this community, both its authenticity and its integrity are virtually unimpaired. Passover is celebrated by the Samaritans on Mount Gerizim,[4] and it is additionally considered by them as the location of the Binding of Isaac (the Masoretic Text, Septuagint and the Dead Sea Scroll versions of the Book of Genesis state that this happened on Mount Moriah, which Jews traditionally identify as the Temple Mount). [31], Underneath these remains were found a large stone structure built on top of the bedrock. [26], The religious tension between the Jews and the Samaritans led to the temple on Gerizim being destroyed by either John Hyrcanus in the 2nd century BCE (according to Josephus)[27] or by Simeon the Just (according to the Talmud). [7] However, the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges argues that "the [north] face of Gerizim, the mount of blessing, is the more fertile; the opposite face of Ebal, the mount of curse, much the more bare. United Nations, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). North of Mount Gerizim rises Mount Ebal, 938 m above sea level; these two mountains being the highest in the Nablus region. The archaeological site is also protected by law. Get directions, reviews and information for Mount Gerizim Baptist Church in Columbus, OH. It consists of three peaks, the main summit, the wide flat western hill and Tell er-Ras to the north. On the summit is a rock which the Samaritans believe was the place where Abraham was about to sacrifice his son Isaac. This sanctity and longevity, through to the present day, make this sacred mountain a place of outstanding universal value going far beyond the beliefs of a few hundred people. Geographic location: Mount Gerizim rises about 500 m above the ancient city of Flavia Neapolis (Nablus), some 886 m above sea level. [30] The excavating archaeologist considered "Structure B" to be the altar built by the Samaritans in the 5th or 6th century BCE. Central to it is the sanctity of a particular mountain as decreed by Moses and on which, nearly four thousand years ago, Abraham may have nearly sacrificed Isaac. [12] It is possible that the name of the mountain is indicative of this, as it is thought that Gerizim may mean mountain of the Gerizites, a tribe in the vicinity of the Philistines that, according to the Hebrew Bible, was conquered by David. A straightforward etymology for Gerizim would give the meaning of mountain cut in two. The archaeological remains on the main summit consist of a large acropolis with paved temenos and massive fortifications with casemate walls and chamber gates, surrounded by a residential quarter. ", https://www.academia.edu/34049422/The_Destruction_of_the_Samaritan_Temple_by_John_Hyrcanus_A_Reconsideration, The curses and blessings of Ebal and Gerizim, in isolation, at wikiversity, Monastery of Saints John and George of Choziba, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mount_Gerizim&oldid=991009537, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 19:55. The church was abandoned in the 8th century, and the fortress was dismantled in the 9th. Mount Gerizim is one of the two mountains in the immediate vicinity of the key West Bank city of Nablus, and forms the southern side of the valley in which Nablus is situated, the northern side being formed by Mount … Mount Gerizim continues to be the religious centre of the Samaritans. God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth. Archaeologically, the temple discovered on the summit existed before the later 2nd century BC. Mount Gerizim (/ˈɡɛrɪˌzɪm/; Samaritan Hebrew: ࠄࠟࠓࠂࠟࠓࠩࠆࠝࠉࠌ ʾĀ̊rgā̊rīzēm; Hebrew: .mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}הַר גְּרִזִים‎ Har Gərīzīm; Arabic: جَبَل جَرِزِيم‎ Jabal Jarizīm or Arabic: جبل الطور‎ Jabal et Tur) is one of the two mountains in the immediate vicinity of the key West Bank city of Nablus (biblical Shechem), and forms the southern side of the valley in which Nablus is situated, the northern side being formed by Mount Ebal.

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